In order to better understand disease, it is important to understand mitochondria. What are they? What do they do? What is mitochondrial dysfunction? Understanding these key concepts leads to a better overall understanding of how the body works and what happens when there is dysfunction in the mitochondria.

What are mitochondria?

Mitochondria are small, free-floating organelles inside a cell. These specialized structures can be found in animals, plants and fungi. They contain an outer membrane, an inner, layered membrane called a cristae and fluid called the matrix. The are often referred to as “cellular power plants”.

What do they do?

Their role is to convert energy in food into energy a cell can use. In this way, they act as miniature batteries to power the cells. This is found in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is the energy unit used as a source of chemical energy in almost every process within the human body. ATP is the mediating force behind the thousands of metabolic processes needed to sustain life. The process of creating this energy is known as cellular respiration.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction

The role of Mitochondrial Dysfunction in chronic disease may be extremely significant according to recent research findings. Since the Mitochondrion is the energy organelle that is responsible for providing cellular energy, if these organelles become impaired, there is evidence that many disease conditions can arise. Symptoms begin to manifest such as fatigue, loss of appetite, and inflammation. Depending on the level of impaired cellular respiration, specific disease processes can also arise, such as:

  • heart disease
  • obesity
  • diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • neurodegenerative disease
  • asthma
  • autism
  • depression
  • cancer
  • arthritis
  • pancreatitis
  • age

Mitochondrial disease can be at the root of any disease that results in energy deficiencies. Mitochondrial dysfunction may be one of the largest contributors to chronic low-level inflammation, which can result in heart disease, diabetes, cancer, respiratory ailments, stroke and Alzheimer's disease. Each of these 7 deadly diseases is either caused by or contributed to by Mitochondrial disease.

Cellular Stress

The Mitochondria are responsible for keeping our cells healthy and productive. When the Mitochondria is not performing as it should, the cells become stressed, due to a protective cellular response that has not perfected itself. This protective mechanism attempts to produce peroxides at a high enough level to clean out the mitochondrial membrane and restore normal oxidative processes within the cell.

However, this intended protective response fails to produce peroxides at a level that allows for “signaling” to occur. Ironically, the formation of oxygen species like hydrogen peroxide, at moderate levels can actually cause disease rather than reverse it.

In general terms, we refer to this faulty protective response as “oxidative stress”, which can be understood as an impaired cellular response that exposes the body to a full array of illnesses that exploit weakened energy metabolism.

This important understanding of disease at a cellular level is at the core of the BX Protocol™ and the BX Energy Catalyst™. Health restoration must begin at a cellular level in order to fully and effectively treat disease.