Phospholipids are the building blocks that make up the outer and inner membranes that give mitochondria their shape. These membranes house fats and proteins important to energy metabolism and detoxification.

Phospholipids allow water and oil to mix. They are the cell membranes and mitochondrial membranes, serving as barriers for cells, assisting in lung expansion while breathing, they’re part of brain’s white matter, neural tissue, nerves and spinal cord. They also aid in digestion and immune function.

They are lipids attached to at least one phosphate group. Dietary sources include eggs, fish, milk, sunflower seeds and oils, pumpkin seeds, walnuts, peanuts, soy and lightly cooked meats. Lecithin is a general term for phospholipids derived from these food products and it’s used to supplement the diet as well as being added to food products where water and oil need to mix together. Foods like salad dressings and mayonnnaise contain lecithin.

Phospholipids are basic components and structures, They make up the basic design and functional spaces that separate the inner and outer membranes in mitochondria.

Disturbances to the mitochondrial phospholipids result in human diseases and mitochondrial dysfunction and insufficiency.

Mitochondria depend on the coordinated efforts and synthesis of phospholipids among other cell structures like the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus.

Simply put, healthy mitochondria depend on the health of other structures within the cell to support the synthesis and remodeling of optimal functioning mitochondria, much like a home renovation project depends on all the subcontractors doing their best work to complete a successful home remodel.

Phospholipids would be akin to the building materials needed to maintain the structural integrity of each part of the house.

The fatty acid composition of the diet can modify the remodeling of phospholipids and the mitochondrial function.

Altered mitochondrial membrane composition results in changes to how mitochondria do their job — mitochondrial bioenergetics are altered depending on specific phospholipids or lack of phospholipids in the diet.

For example, a diet deficient in linoleic acid, found in pumkin seeds and walnuts, results in mitochondria that have altered oxygen consumption capabilities.

Examples of specific phospholipids that influence how mitochondria work and are sold as supplments include:

Phosphatidylcholine and Phosphatidylserine

When there is a dietary defiiciency or insufficiency of these phospholipids, the result is lower cellular and mitochondrial integrity, lower energy and decreased mental performance.

Phospholipids act to improve cellular and mitochondrial performance.

Upregulating mitochondria with the BX Protocol, along with improving the availability of phospholipids in the diet, has the potential to improve the function of mitochondria in neurodegenerative diseases, obesity, metabolic disorders, cardiovascular disorders and cancer.