Introduction to Electrolytes

Free radicals have to be reduced to harmless waste in water and through mitochondrial enzymatic actions. When enzymes are compromised, free radicals can rise to dangerous levels, causing damage or even cell death.

Unquenched free radicals can bind to mitochondria, damaging their structure and causing mitochondrial dysfunction, leading to a loss of energy production. Tissues in the brain, kidney, muscles, heart and liver are especially vulnerable to damage from unquenched free radicals and mitochondrial dysfunction because of their high energy dependency.

Water and electricity are essential to mitochondrial health and upregulating mitochondrial function. Electrolytes come from ingesting food and water.

Electrolytes take on a positive or negative charge when they are ingested and dissolved in body fluids. These positive and negatively charged electrolytes allow electrical charges to operate in the mitochondria, cells, tissues and organs and are necessary for all mitochondrial enzymes to function optimally.

These charges are also critical to every bodily functions including brain function, nerves, and muscles, and the creation of new tissue.

Each electrolyte plays a specific role in your body. Minerals and electrolytes are critical cellular building blocks that can be monitored long term through routine blood draws.

Electrolytes have very narrow normal blood ranges, and levels that are too high or too low are dangerous for mitochondrial function.

Examples of complications arising from mitochondrial dysfunction and corresponding electrolyte imbalances can include:
  • Drooping of the Eyelids
  • Autoimmune Disorders like Hashimoto’s Disease
  • Disorders that affect the eyes, including external ophthalmoplegia, optic atrophy, diabetes mellitus
  • Exercise Intolerance
  • Irregular heartbeat rhythms and functions (cardiomyopathy)
  • Seizures
  • Dementia
  • Migraines
  • stroke-like episodes
  • Autism — a child with autism may or may not have a mitochondrial disease (11)
  • Mid- and late-pregnancy loss (miscarriages)

These are just a few examples of the relationship between mitochondrial function, electrolyte balance and outward complications.

It’s important to identify mitochondrial function in relation to outward signs of electrolyte imbalance.

Some examples of electrolytes and their functions include:


  • Helps control fluids in the body, impacting blood pressure
  • Necessary for muscle and nerve function
  • Helps balance electrolytes


  • Helps balance electrolytes
  • Balances acidity and alkalinity, which helps maintain a healthy pH
  • Essential to digestion


  • •Regulates your heart and blood pressure• helps balance electrolytes
  • Aids in transmitting nerve impulses
  • Contributes to bone health
  • Nnecessary for muscle contraction


  • Important to the production of DNA and RNA
  • Contributes to nerve and muscle function
  • Helps maintain heart rhythm
  • Helps regulate blood glucose levels
  • Enhances your immune system


  • Key component of bones and teeth
  • Important to the movement of nerve impulses and muscle movement
  • Contributes to blood clotting


  • Strengthens bones and teeth
  • Helps cells produce the energy needed for tissue growth and repair


  • Helps your body maintain a healthy pH
  • Regulates heart function

Each of these plays a specific role in the enzymatic reactions happening in mitochondria. It’s important to understand the relationship between mitochondria and electrolytes as they work in synergy to create energy, destroy free radicals and optimize enzymatic reactions necessary to maintain high functioning, healthy cells.

Using the BX Protocol to optimize mitochondrial function will increase the utilization of electrolytes necessary for optimal health and increased energy.